The Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocol implementation in a National Tertiary-level Hospital: A prospective cohort study

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Abstract

Introduction:
Successful colorectal surgery is determined based on postoperative mortality and morbidity rates, complication rates, and cost-effectiveness. One of the methods to obtain an excellent postoperative outcome is the enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol. This study aims to see the effects of implementing an ERAS protocol in colorectal surgery patients.

Methods:
Eighty-four patients who underwent elective colorectal surgery at National Tertiary-level Hospital were included between January 2021 and July 2022. Patients were then placed into ERAS (42) and control groups (42) according to the criteria. The Patients in the ERAS group underwent a customized 18-component ERAS protocol and were assessed for adherence. Postoperatively, both groups were monitored for up to 30 days and assessed for complications and readmission. The authors then analyzed the length of stay and total patient costs in both groups.

Results:
The length of stay in the ERAS group was shorter than the control group [median (interquartile range) 6 (5–7) vs. 13 (11–19), P<0.001], with a lower total cost of [USD 1875 (1234–3722) vs. USD 3063 (2251–4907), P<0.001]. Patients in the ERAS group had a lower incidence of complications, 10% vs. 21%, and readmission 5% vs. 10%, within 30 days after discharge than patients in the control group; however, the differences were not statistically significant. The adherence to the ERAS protocol within the ERAS group was 97%.

Conclusion:
Implementing the ERAS protocol in colorectal patients reduces the length of stay and total costs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-91
JournalAnnals of Medicine and Surgery
Volume86
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Dec 2023

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