The Elderly’s Coping to the Decrease of Musculosceletal Function at Kelurahan Cipinang Muara, Kecamatan Jatinegara, East Jakarta.

Astuti Yuni Nursasi, Poppy Fitriyani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The elderly’s coping to the decrease of musculosceletal function at Kelurahan Cipinang Muara, Kecamatan Jatinegara, East Jakarta. The elderly naturally experiences the decrease of musculosceletal function as consequences of physical changes process. Frequently, these changes cause some disturbances like limited mobilization and their productivity. For some circumstances, it causes stressfull moment for them. These stressors motivate the elderly to adjust to the situation, which is named coping. The purpose of this study is to identify the coping strategy which is used by the elderly to cope with the decrese of musculosceletal function. This study conducted at RW 05, RW 08, and RW 11 at Kelurahan Cipinang Muara, Kecamatan Jatinegara, East Jakarta. The participants’ age range between 60-89 years old. Mostly are women (65.2%). Their marital status varied from married (52.17%), widows (41.30%), and widowers (6.52%). The questionnaire was developed using the ways of coping instrument by Folkman and Lazarus. These coping consist of confrontative, seeking social support, planful problem solving, self control, distancing, positive reappraisal, accepting responsibility, and escape/avoidance. The result shows that the participants used all those types of coping.The age does not determine the coping that they have been used. Most participants use adaptive coping, while the mal adaptive coping is used by 30.43% for self control; 13.04% for distancing; and 63.04% for escape/avoidance. In contrast, gender demonsrates the significant differences. Elderly female put a lot efforts to cope with their limited mobilization. They use confrontative(47.83%) and seeking social support (36.96%). Elderly male only use confrontative (21.7%) and seeking social support (36.96%).
Original languageEnglish
JournalMakara Journal of Health Research
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

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