The efficacy of antibiotic and alpha-blocker combination therapy versus antibiotic monotherapy in chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome: A systematic review

Fina Widia, Natanael Parningotan Agung, Harrina Erlianti Rahardjo, Nur Rasyid, Ponco Birowo, Akmal Taher, Widi Atmoko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: This study attempted to explore the efficacy of a combination of alpha-blockers and antibiotics compared with antibiotic monotherapy in patients with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS). Methods: We searched PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane/CENTRAL, EBSCOHost/CINAHL, ProQuest, and Scopus on January 2020. Randomized controlled trials comparing antibiotic monotherapy with combination therapy of antibiotics and alpha-blockers in CP/CPPS patients lasting at least 4 weeks were included. The study eligibility assessment, data extraction, and study quality assessment were carried out by each author independently and in duplication. Results: A total of six low- to high-quality studies with 396 patients were included in the study. Two reviews reported lower National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI) total scores in the monotherapy arm at Week 6. Only one study reported otherwise. On Day 90, the NIH-CPSI score was found to be lower in the combination group. In the pain, urinary, and quality-of-life domain, most studies agree that combination therapy is not superior to monotherapy. However, on Day 90, all domains were found to be lower in the combination therapy. Responder rates were found to vary between studies. Only four out of six studies reported a response rate. Responder rates were lower in the combination group at 6 weeks of observation. On Day 90, responder rates were found to be better in the combination group. Conclusions: The combination therapy of antibiotics and alpha-blockers is not substantially better than antibiotic monotherapy in the first 6 weeks of treatment for CP/CPPS patients. This might not be applicable to a longer duration of treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-115
Number of pages9
JournalLUTS: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023

Keywords

  • alpha-blocker
  • antibiotic
  • chronic pelvic pain syndrome
  • chronic prostatitis

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