Objective: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to synthesize the latest evidence on the efficacy and safety of oral acetaminophen compared to oral ibuprofen for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in preterm infants. Methods: We performed a systematic literature search on topics that assesses the use of oral paracetamol compared to oral ibuprofen in preterm neonates diagnosed with PDA from PubMed, EuropePMC, Cochrane Central Database, ScienceDirect, ProQuest, ClinicalTrials.gov, and hand-sampling from potential articles. Results: There were 1547 subjects from 10 selected studies. Primary closure rate was similar in both groups. Subgroup analysis on studies enrolling neonates with ≤30 weeks gestational age showed that ibuprofen was superior (OR 0.52 [0.31, 0.90], I2: 0%). On the other hand, paracetamol was superior neonates with ≤34 weeks gestational age (OR 1.73 [1.01, 2.94], I2: 30%). Reopening rate, surgical closure rate, mortality, intraventricular hemorrhage, and necrotizing enterocolitis were similar in both groups. Rate of renal dysfunction (OR 0.27 [0.10, 0.77], I2: 0%) and gastrointestinal bleeding (OR 0.31 [0.11, 0.88], I2: 0%) were lower in paracetamol group. Subgroup analysis of randomized controlled studies (RCTs) showed similar results. Meta-regression analysis showed that the primary closure rate was not influenced by gestational age, birth weight, and gender. GRADE demonstrates a low level of certainty for primary closure and mortality. Renal dysfunction and gastrointestinal bleeding havea moderate level of certainty. Conclusion: There was no significant difference between the efficacy of oral paracetamol and oral ibuprofen. However, the rate of renal dysfunction and gastrointestinal bleeding were higher in oral ibuprofen.
- Patent ductus arteriosus