The effects of Goldenhar Syndrome on hearing and speech development

Semiramis Zizlavsky, Khoirul Anam, Ronny Suwento, Indah Rahmawati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Goldenhar syndrome is a congenital abnormality with an incidence of 1 in 5,200 to 26,500 births. This syndrome is characterized by facial asymmetry, ear malformation, and/or defects in the eyes and vertebrae. The hearing disorder manifests as both conductive or sensorineural due to the abnormalities occurring in the inner and outer ear. We report a case of a 1-year-3-month-old child presenting with left anotia and right microtia, severe bilateral conductive hearing loss, and global delayed development. The patient was also found to have a hemifacial microsomia, a secundum atrial septal defect (ASD), and a ventricular septal defect (VSD). The patient was advised to use hearing aids and participate in speech therapy. The management of this Goldenhar syndrome patient should be done comprehensively, appropriate to the abnormalities found to achieve the best result.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)946-949
Number of pages4
JournalMedical Journal of Malaysia
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021


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