The effects of an anchovy (stolephorus insularis) substrate application on the level of fluor intrusion on Sprague Dawley rat teeth (in vivo)

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Abstract

Fluoride intrusion is one of the efficacy parameters of fluoridation. Anchovy (Stolephorus insularis), which contains a high fluoride concentration in the CaF2compound, can be used as a fluoridative agent which is affordable and easily obtained. The aim of this study is to prove the effectiveness of the application of an anchovy substrate (Stolephorus insularis), either by a feeding method or a topical method, for tooth fluoridation based on the depth of fluoride intrusion on the enamel. An in vivo experimental laboratory method was used. The subjects were 14 Sprague Dawley rats divided into five groups. The groups included a baseline control, a feeding negative control, a topical negative control, an anchovy feeding method, and a topical solution anchovy method. After 15 days of treatment, the teeth were cut transversely with a 0.5 mm thickness then processed to test for fluoride intrusion using fluorescence microscopy. There was increased fluor intrusion on the enamel of the experimental groups compared to the negative control groups (p<0.05).Fluoride intrusion using the topical fluoride method is higher than with the feeding method (p <0.05). Thus, the application of an anchovy substrate, either by chewing or smearing, increases fluoride intrusion on the enamel.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012077
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Volume884
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Aug 2017
Event1st Physics and Technologies in Medicine and Dentistry Symposium, PTMDS 2017 - Depok, West Java, Indonesia
Duration: 15 Jul 201716 Jul 2017

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