The effectiveness of home-based nursing intervention in the elderly with recurrent diabetic foot ulcers: A case report

Annisa Wuri Kartika, Widyatuti Widyatuti, Etty Rekawati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Inadequate glycemic control usually leads to peripheral neuropathy, vasculopathy, and foot deformities that leads to diabetic foot ulcer (DFU), and a 10-years history of diabetes and inadequate self-management increases the risk of reoccurring DFU. A home-based intervention program, which includes Diabetes Self-Management Education (DSME) and wound care is the most likely approach, to engage families and overcoming the barriers in self-care management. The aim of this study is to provide an overview on the effectiveness of home-based nursing intervention in the elderly patients with reoccurring diabetic foot ulcers. Design and method: In this study, a case study approach was used that presented a case related to self-management and wound care in elderly patients with reoccurring DFU. The intervention was carried out by the community health nurses for eight weeks with home visit. Results: Significant changes were reported in diabetes selfmanagement practices, blood glucose level, and wound healing. The Diabetes Self-Management Questionnaire (DSMQ) score increased from 5.62 to 8.,54 and the Summary of Diabetes SelfCare Activities (SDSCA) score increased from 3.2 to 6. The Bates Jansen Examination score decreased from 24 and 26 to 17 and 14 in six weeks. Conclusions: The results confirm that family-based interventions program are effective in improving glycemic control and wound healing. Community nursing is believed to prevent an increase in self-management behavior to prevent recurring DFU and maintain a healthy life-style about diabetes self-management education.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2162
JournalJournal of Public Health Research
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • DSME
  • Foot ulcer recurrence
  • Home-based intervention
  • Self-care management

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