The effect of volcanism to the source rock maturity in Gunung Endut area: Insight for subvolcanic hydrocarbon exploration

C. Risman, T. P. Setyowati, N. Febiansyah, D. N. Sahdarani, F. M.H. Sihombing, R. Aditiyo, T. L. Indra, Supriyanto

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Banten region is known to have subvolcanic hydrocarbon system but no proven play despite oil seeps and the potential source rock have been identified in this area. A Geochemical analysis of source rock have been done on Gunung Endut, Banten Province. There are four coaly shale sample from Genteng Formation and Bojongmanik Formation collected and analysed in this study. The purpose of this study is to understand the influence of volcanic environment towards the quality, quantity and maturity of source rock based on TOC, pyrolysis, and vitrinite reflectance analyses. The result obtained showed TOC value between 8-18 wt% which indicated excellent petroleum potential from the source rock. In addition, Pyrolysis data showed S1 value between 0.05-0.19, S2 value between 1.52-11.53, S3 value between 4.10-7.57 and Tmax 414.8-523.2 °C. From both analyses, TOC and Pyrolysis, the source rock is categorized as Type 3 Kerogen producing gas and Type 4. Based on its maturity, three sample are categorized as immature while one specimen is categorized as postmature. Furthermore, Vitrinite Reflectance analysis result shows Ro value between 0.27-0.63 that support the result of pyrolysis analysis. Maturity anomaly found in the sample is presumed to be caused by intrusion that have been identified by the geological mapping in the same region. The condition on the surface may also reflect the source rock in the subsurface. A number of source rock in Banten region may be matured due to intrusion that related to volcanic activities. Subsurface zone with abundance igneous bodies will have different maturity compare to other area. Hence, it is important for petroleum exploration activities in Banten region or other volcanic area to properly identify the distribution of subsurface igneous body due to its effect to the source rock maturity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012057
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jul 2020
Event3rd Life and Environmental Sciences Academics Forum, LEAF 2019 - Depok, Indonesia
Duration: 11 Jul 2019 → …


  • geochemical
  • maturity
  • pyrolysis
  • Source rock
  • vitrinite reflectance


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