The effect of toxic air pollutants on fertility men and women, fetus and birth rate

Ria Margiana, Homayon Yousefi, Arghavan Afra, Agustinus Agustinus, Walid Kamal Abdelbasset, Mariya Kuznetsova, Sara Mansourimoghadam, Hafez Ajam Ekrami, Mohammad Javad Mohammadi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Human health is affected by various factors such as air pollutants. Exposure to toxic air pollutants is impaired fertility in men and women. The purpose of this review study was investigation of the effect of toxic air pollutants on fertility and birth rate. Databases used to for searched were the PubMed, Web of Science, Springer and Science Direct (Scopus) and Google Scholar. Identify all relevant studies published 1999-2022. In this study, according to databases five hundred articles were retrieved. 33 studies were screened after review and 19 full-text articles entered into the analysis process. Finally, 11 articles were selected in this study. The literature signs a notable health effects from toxic air pollutants and increase risk of infertility in men and women and having a variety of reproductive system cancers such as prostate, bladder, ovary, kidney and uterus. According to the finding toxic air pollutants can increase the risk infertility in men and women, incidence of cancers of reproductive system and decrease the birth rate. Activities that play an important role in reducing the health effects of toxic air pollutants such as infertility in men and women and reducing the population rate of communities are improving the quality of fuel used in the home, car, industries, changing production processes in large industries, installing catalysts to reduce emissions in cars, use more public transportation, plant trees and increase green space per capita, increase public awareness about various effects of toxic air pollutants and protective measures.

Original languageEnglish
JournalReviews on Environmental Health
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022


  • birth rate
  • fertility
  • fetus
  • risk factors
  • toxic air pollutants


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