The effect of storytelling on fear in school-age children during hospitalization

Martina Mutiara Dewi, Nani Nurhaeni, Happy Hayati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Hospitalization places children in conditions that may nur-ture fears of new surroundings, strangers, and unknown actions. Storytelling can be administered as a distraction from the fears that a child experiences during treatment. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of storytelling against fear due to hospitalization in school-age children admitted to the hospital. This study used a quantitative approach with a pre-experimental design and the method used was nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. Subjects in this study consisted of two groups namely the intervention and the control groups. The total number of respondents was n=32 and located at the Maternity and Children Hospital in Indonesia. Bivariate analysis showed that storytelling intervention had a significant relationship with the fear of hospitalization among the hospitalized school-age children (p-value=0.001< 0.05). Also, there was a significant difference between the fear score in the intervention and the control groups (p-value=0.001<). Therefore, applying storytelling in the nursing intervention of pediatric patients in hospitals can be recommended to minimize the fear in children.

Original languageEnglish
Article number269
JournalPediatria Medica e Chirurgica
Issue numbers1
Publication statusPublished - 20 May 2021


  • Child
  • hospitalization
  • pediatric
  • storytelling


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