The effect of sol-gel derived TiO2 crystallite size to Li4Ti5O12 anode performance in lithium-ion battery

Cipta Panghegar Supriadi, Anne Zulfia Syahrial, Achmad Subhan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The emerging portable device and electrical vehicle require safe, portable, and high-power energy sources which may be supplied by lithium-ion battery (LIB). The existing carbon anode exhibits several issues in terms of safety such as volume expansion and formation of solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) which can be overcome by applying Li4Ti5O12 (LTO) as an anode. However, the low electronic and ionic conductivity are the main bottlenecks of LTO. This research focuses on synthesizing LTO using TiO2 synthesized through the sol-gel method. Furthermore, the effect of TiO2 crystalline size will be discussed accordingly. The crystalline size of TiO2 was tailored by applying calcination temperature at 300 °C, 400 °C, and 500 °C and was heated for 6 h. The crystallite size shown by XRD patterns was 8.01 nm, 13.82 nm, and 27.01 nm, respectively. The best electrochemical properties were exhibited by LTO 300 showing the initial specific capacity of 164 mAh g−1.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020


  • Anatase
  • LiTiO anode
  • Lithium-ion battery
  • Sol-gel
  • Solid-state reaction

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The effect of sol-gel derived TiO<sub>2</sub> crystallite size to Li<sub>4</sub>Ti<sub>5</sub>O<sub>12</sub> anode performance in lithium-ion battery'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this