The effect of sodium citrate as an additive on properties of electroplated nickel on SPCC steel

Rini Riastuti, Falah Herdino, Achmad Rifki, Cika Ramadini, Sonia Taruli Siallagan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this work was to investigate the effect of sodium citrate as an additive on the grain size of nickel electroplating SPCC steel. For this purpose, nickel were deposited by direct current electrodeposition from a Watts bath at the current density of 6 A/dm2 with adding different amount of sodium citrate (5, 15, 30, 45, 60 g/L). X-ray diffraction (XRD) was used to determine the average gain size of the nickel coatings. Effect of adding sodium citrate on nickel electroplating on hardness, corrosion resistance, and adhesive strength were also investigated by Vickers Hardness, salt spray test, and bending test. The smallest grain size was obtained with grain size 36.8 nm with adding 45 g/L sodium citrate. The hardest nickel deposit was 701 HV with presence of sodium citrate complex in the deposit. Corrosion resistance and adhesive strength were increased by adding sodium citrate in the nickel electroplating bath.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication6th International Conference on Science and Engineering in Mathematics, Chemistry and Physics
Subtitle of host publicationScieTech18: The Nature Math - The Science
EditorsFord Lumban Gaol, P.N. Gajjar, Jamil Akhtar
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735417694
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Nov 2018
Event6th International Conference on Science and Engineering in Mathematics, Chemistry and Physics 2018, ScieTech 2018 - Tugu Tani, Jakarta, Indonesia
Duration: 20 Jan 201821 Jan 2018

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2043
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference6th International Conference on Science and Engineering in Mathematics, Chemistry and Physics 2018, ScieTech 2018
Country/TerritoryIndonesia
CityTugu Tani, Jakarta
Period20/01/1821/01/18

Keywords

  • Electroplating
  • SPCC steel
  • grain size
  • nanocrystalline
  • nickel
  • sodium citrate

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