The Effect Of Physio Ball Exercise On Sitting Balance In Children With Spastic Cerebral Palsy

Mita Noviana, Dwi Nilamsari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Spastic cerebral palsy is a non-progressive disorders that affect the control of movement and posture caused by lesions in the cerebral cortex that occur before, during, or after childbirth. Sitting balance disorder is one of the functional disorders experienced by child with spastic cerebral palsy. Balance is affected by postural control reaction, namely the head control and trunk stability. Postural control is obtained by the integration of sensory systems, motor systems and the nervous system. Balance disorders may inhibit ambulatory activity and mobilization in children with spastic cerebral palsy. Physio ball exercise is an exercise to improve the response of postural muscles through the sensory proprioseptive input. The study aimed to analyze the effect of physio ball exercise on sitting balance in children with spastic cerebral palsy. This research is pre experimental with one group pre-post test design. A Total of 16 samples determined by the purposive sampling technique with the inclusion criteria of the children who were diagnosed by spastic cerebral palsy were 1-12 years old and with a measurement value LSS between I-VII. Samples were tread by physio ball exercise with supine, prone and sitting technique for 12 times of intervention. Sitting balance can be described using the level of sitting scale (LSS). The results showed that physio ball exercise are affects the sitting balance on children with spastic cerebral palsy with the significant values of Wilcoxon test is p = 0.001.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages7
JournalJurnal Fisioterapi Terapan Indonesia
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 11 May 2021


  • physio ball exercise
  • sitting balance
  • spastic cerebral palsy
  • level of sitting scale (LSS)


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