The effect of milling time and sintering temperature on formation of nanoparticles barium strontium titanate

Erlina Yustanti, Mas Ayu Elita Hafizah, Azwar Manaf

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Nanoparticles of barium strontium titanate (BST) or Ba0.3Sr0.7TiO3 were synthesized by mechanical alloying and successive ultrasonic irradiation treatment. This research attempted to reduce the particles obtained through mechanical milling of mechanically alloyed powders to the particles with sizes in nanometer scale. The effectiveness of milling time on the synthesis of BST nanoparticles was confirmed by mean particle size evaluation which showed that a milling duration up to 60 h was required to bring down gradually the mean particle from 5.7 into 2.4 μm. The broadening lines of XRD pattern of the ultrasonically treated samples were analyzed using a high score plus (HSP) and a whole powder pattern modeling (WPPM) software to obtain the crystallite size distribution. The mean crystallite size of the treated particles was found 49 nm which is about 60 times lower than its mean particle size. It is shown that mechanical alloying through the sintering process followed by ultrasonic destruction will promote the formation of nanoparticles.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Conference on Engineering, Science and Nanotechnology 2016, ICESNANO 2016
EditorsBudi Kristiawan, Agung Tri Wijayanta, Dominicus Danardono, Budi Santoso, Miftahul Anwar, Triyono, Syamsul Hadi, Joko Triyono, Eko Surojo, Dody Ariawan, Ubaidillah, Suyitno, Nurul Muhayat
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735414525
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jan 2017
Event1st International Conference on Engineering, Science and Nanotechnology 2016, ICESNANO 2016 - Solo, Indonesia
Duration: 3 Aug 20165 Aug 2016

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1788
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference1st International Conference on Engineering, Science and Nanotechnology 2016, ICESNANO 2016
CountryIndonesia
CitySolo
Period3/08/165/08/16

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