The effect of mahkota dewa (Phaleria macrocarpa) (scheff.) fruit pericarp extract on inos in mice colon intermittently-induced by dextran sodium sulfate

Kusmardi, Ari Estuningtyas, Dilla Shavera, Aryo Tedjo, B. P. Priosoeryanto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this research was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of Mahkota Dewa fruit pericarp extract (Phaleria macrocarpa) on inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in mice colon induced by dextran sodium sulfate (DSS). Method: The simplisia of P. macrocarpa pericarp was weighed (1000 g) and extracted by maceration process. The total yield of the ethanolic extract was 26.43%. Phytochemical screening was carried out for the detection of the phytoconstituents by simple qualitative methods. The antiinflammatory activity was performed by DSS-induced colitis model through assessment of hematoxylin-eosin staining and expression of iNOS by immunohistochemistry assay at four different doses, i.e., 650, 1250, 2500, and 5000 mg/kg. Swiss Webster male mice weighing 25-30 g were used for the study. Results: Inflammation score in dose 625, 1250, 2500, and 5000 mg/kg were 1.63, 1.43, 1.32, and 2.20, respectively. This result is significantly different (p=0.008) with DSS group that was 4.37. The results of iNOS optical density score in dose 625, 1250, 2500, and 5000 mg/kg were 1.21, 1.119, 1.22, and 1.37, respectively. This result was significantly different (p=0.000) with DSS group that was 2.24. Conclusion: Pericarp extract of P. macrocarpa fruit exhibited anti-inflammatory activity in the experimental model shown by suppressing the expression of inflammatory cell and iNOS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)309-312
Number of pages4
JournalAsian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Colon
  • Dextran sodium sulfate
  • Inducible nitric oxide synthase
  • Inflammatory cells
  • Pericarp
  • Phaleria macrocarpa

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