The Effect of Land Surface Temperature and Land Use on Energy System Development in Gorontalo City

N. Arif, A. N. Khasanah, R. Jaya, M. Gozan, B. Hendrawan

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Land use change is one of the factors affecting urban development including urban energy needs. This study analysis the effect of land use and surface temperature on energy system development of Gorontalo city. Gorontalo has a very high solar energy potential but has not been utilized optimally. Land Surface Temperature (LST) mapping is the first step to identify the potential of solar anergy for energy system development in Gorontalo City. Remote sensing technology and geographic information systems are helpful in mapping the spatial distribution of each parameter used. In this research the data used is Landsat 8 for mapping land cover/land use, green area and LST. The results showed that in the dry season the highest surface temperature was in the building area, and the lowest temperature was in the vegetation area. Land use in city of Gorontalo is dominated by high density vegetation (VKT) of 36% of the total area, while built-up area has 26% of the total area. LST was dominant in the wet season of 30-40 °C i.e 50.51% of the area while in dry season wasdominant at 40-50 °C covering 42%. The highest temperature in the city of Gorontalo in both dry and wet season is distributed in Pulubala, Limba U1, and Biawao. These three regions can be a recommendation for the development and utilization of solar energy as an alternative energy source. This research provides insight into land surface temperature and become a recommendation in urban planning and energy policy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012103
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 30 Aug 2019
Event1st International Conference on Computer, Science, Engineering and Technology, ICComSET 2018 - Tasikmalaya, West Java, Indonesia
Duration: 27 Nov 201828 Nov 2018


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