The Effect of Intrahepatic and Intrasplenic Administration of Mesenchymal Stem Cell to Liver Function and Degree of Liver Fibrosis in Common Bile Duct Ligation Model in Rabbit

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Abstract

Background: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) is a promising alternative method in liver cirrhosis management. Several administration routes of MSC have been studied, but few studies compared one to another. The purpose of this study is to compare the intrahepatic and intrasplenic route of MSC administration in terms of liver function and degree of liver fibrosis in the bile duct ligation model in rabbits. Method: Experimental study was conducted using rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) model undergoing bile duct ligation (BDL). The subjects were randomized into 4 groups: sham surgery; bile duct ligation; bile duct ligation followed by intrahepatic route of MSC (BDL + IH MSC), and bile duct ligation followed by intrasplenic route of MSC (BDL + IS MSC). Umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cell (UC MSC) was administered on the fifth day after bile duct ligation, and the subjects were observed until the fourteenth day after bile duct ligation. The liver function was evaluated with alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and total and direct bilirubin. The degree of fibrosis was evaluated with Laennec score, fibrosis area fraction, the number of viable and necrosis hepatocytes, and the number of hepatic progenitor cells. Result: The subjects were randomized into 4 groups: 2 in sham surgery group, and 7 in each of the following groups: BDL, BDL + IH MSC and BDL + IS MSC groups. The mortality rate in BDL group was 57.1 %, while mortality in BDL + IH MSC and BDL + IS MSC groups were 14.3 % and 28.6 % respectively. No significant difference was found regarding liver function in each group, such as AST, ALT, total, and direct bilirubin. Histopathology examination in almost every subject undergone bile duct ligation (regardless of MSC administration) showed degree of fibrosis of Laennec 4B. Fibrosis area fraction, the number of viable and necrotic hepatocytes, and progenitor cells were analyzed; no significant difference was found between BDL + IH MSC and BDL + IS MSC groups, but the groups administered with MSC showed a larger number of viable hepatocytes compared to BDL group. No difference was found between BDL + IH MSC and BDL + IS MSC groups in terms of liver function and histologic parameters. Conclusion: Administration of MSC increases the number of viable hepatocytes, but no difference was found in terms of liver function and degree of liver fibrosis between the intrahepatic route and intrasplenic route of administration. Type of Study: Animal Research, Randomized Controlled Study. Level of Evidence: Level I? (animal research is not indicated in the levels of evidence table in the journal website).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)634-639
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Volume59
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024

Keywords

  • Bile duct ligation
  • Intrahepatic and intrasplenic
  • Mesenchymal stem cell
  • Oryctolagus cuniculus

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