The effect of guar gum on fluid friction in spiral pipe

Yanuar, Gunawan, M. Baqi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pipeline is the most effective equipment to transport of fluid. Based on the shape, pipe can classify as circular, square, triangle and spiral. Each shape has different characteristics. On the transport of fluid using pipe, pressure drop is very important aspect because related with energy consumption. Special pipe as spiral pipe is used as a fuel mixing system of fuel. It is intended to prevent precipitation and to reduce the pressure drop. The purpose of this research is to investigate the reduction of pressure drop in a spiral pipe with the addition biopolymer (guar gum). Spiral pipe with the best aspect ratio, P/Di = 7 is used in this study. Working fluid used guar gum solution of 150 ppm and 200 ppm. Circular pipe with same diameter is used for comparison. Analysis of flow characteristics based on the power law model for non-Newtonian fluid. Experimental was conducted from low to high Reynolds number up to 60,000. The results showed that the effect of biopolymer guar gum solution can reduce drag either on a circular pipe and spiral pipe.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication4th International Meeting of Advances in Thermofluids, IMAT 2011
Pages1313-1319
Number of pages7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2012
Event4th International Meeting of Advances in Thermofluids, IMAT 2011 - Melaka, Malaysia
Duration: 3 Oct 20114 Oct 2011

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1440
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference4th International Meeting of Advances in Thermofluids, IMAT 2011
Country/TerritoryMalaysia
CityMelaka
Period3/10/114/10/11

Keywords

  • drag reduction
  • guar gum
  • non-Newtonian fluid
  • spiral pipe

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