The effect of different delivery modes of misinformation on false memories in adolescents and adults

Diandra Yasmine Irwanda, Dewi Maulina, Thahira Hanum Sekarmewangi, Komang Meydiana Hutama Putri, Henry Otgaar, Charlotte Bücken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The current study examined the effects of different delivery modes of misinformation on false memory creation in adolescents and adults. Forty adolescents (14-15 year olds) and fifty-three adults (over 18) were instructed to watch a video. Following this, half of the participants were given direct-with interaction misinformation, in which misinformation was delivered by the experimenter and participants (co-witnesses) were able to interact before their memory was tested. The other half of the participants were given direct-without interaction misinformation, in which they listened to a narrative read aloud by the experimenter, without interacting. Lastly, all participants completed a memory test. We found that participants in the direct-without interaction group were more likely to report false memories compared to the direct-with interaction group. Furthermore, adolescents endorsed more misinformation details than adults. Our results provide a new perspective about the role of social factors in the occurrence of false memories.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)208-216
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cognitive Psychology
Volume34
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • age
  • co-witness discussions
  • direct-with interaction
  • direct-without interaction
  • False memories
  • misinformation

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