The effect of blades gap on propeller open-flume picohydro turbine performance

Warjito, Budiarso, Muhammad Farhan Syahputra, Sanjaya B.S. Nasution

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


To meet the target of using renewable energy and electrification in remote areas, Indonesia needs to develop pico hydropower plants. One of the picohydro turbines that can be used is the propeller openflume turbine. To obtain the optimum performance, a numerical study of the effect of the gap between blades was carried out. This study analyzes 3 different blades by using the computational fluid dynamics method. The difference between the three blades is the gap between the blades. The first blade is designed with gaps, the second blade is without gaps, and the third blade is designed with overlap gaps. Based on the numerical results, it is shown that the gap on blades of propeller openflume turbine affects the performance of turbine with the overlap turbine has a better performance than the gap and no-gap blade. The overlap blades generate 9.48 Watts power and 8.8% efficiency at 202 rpm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)122-131
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Fluid Machinery and Systems
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2021


  • Blades gap
  • CFD
  • Openflume
  • Picohydro
  • Propeller
  • Renewable energy


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