The effect of antioxidant additives on the characteristics of food-grade grease using castor oil (Ricinus communis L.) as the base oil

E. J. Mayasari, R. Bakri, M. Fibria

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

Grease has three basic components: base oil, thickening agents, and additives. Castor oil has a potential role as a lubricant base oil in grease, but it has lower oxidative stability than mineral oil. Antioxidant additives can delay oxidation reactions in food-grade grease. Li-12-hydroxystearate soap is used as a thickening agent. The food-grade grease is formulated via saponification, dilution, recrystallization, and homogenization. This research aimed to study the effects of different types (BHT, TBHQ, and high molecular weight phenolic) and concentrations (0%, 0.5%, 1%, 1.5%, and 2%) of antioxidants on food-grade grease characteristics. Several characteristics of greases, such as dropping point, pH, consistency, and corrosion resistance were observed. The results showed that different antioxidants induced differences in dropping points, and different antioxidant concentrations induced differences in dropping points and consistency. The best performance was obtained from food-grade grease formulated with high molecular weight phenolic antioxidant. This had the following characteristics: dropping point 193 °C, pH 7, consistency NLGI 2, and corrosion resistance group 1a.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012060
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Volume496
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Feb 2019
Event2nd International Conference on Current Progress in Functional Materials 2017, ISCPFM 2017 - Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 8 Nov 20179 Nov 2017

Keywords

  • antioxidant additive
  • castor oil
  • food-grade grease
  • grease

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