The effect of adding microalgae Spirulina platensis in making antibacterial soap

Maria Fransisca, Dianursanti

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

The infection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has increased to 8% in 2017 in Indonesia. This infection commonly occurs in hospital thus, individuals must maintain personal hygiene such as using antibacterial soap. Several commercial antibacterial soap in Indonesia still use triclosan and triclocarban as antibacterial agent. This is a problem because they have been banned by Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2017. The use of them can disturb human reproduction system which lead to infertility and destroy algal growth. This study utilized Spirulina platensis and virgin coconut oil (VCO) as fatty acid source which reacted with sodium hydroxide to make soap. Furthermore, VCO also acted as antibacterial agent which can kill bacteria. Film-formed soap is expected to lessen soap and water waste. This soap was made by the hot process method at a temperature of 65°C. The examination done were free alkali, free fatty acid values, pH values, water content and antibacterial activity toward S. aureus. The result showed that all sample met the Indonesian National Standard (SNI) of hard soap. The use of VCO can substitute chemical-based antibacterial agent in soap because it has same ability in killing S. aureus in soap (at 25% dilution) which resulted in safer and environmentally friendly soap. The optimum composition in soap making were found in the use of 1 g S. platensis.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication4th Biomedical Engineering''s Recent Progress in Biomaterials, Drugs Development, Health, and Medical Devices
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the International Symposium of Biomedical Engineering, ISBE 2019
EditorsKenny Lischer, Tomy Abuzairi, Siti Fauziyah Rahman, Misri Gozan
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735419445
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Dec 2019
Event4th International Symposium of Biomedical Engineering�s Recent Progress in Biomaterials, Drugs Development, Health, and Medical Devices, ISBE 2019 - Padang, West Sumatera, Indonesia
Duration: 22 Jul 201924 Jul 2019

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2193
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference4th International Symposium of Biomedical Engineering�s Recent Progress in Biomaterials, Drugs Development, Health, and Medical Devices, ISBE 2019
CountryIndonesia
CityPadang, West Sumatera
Period22/07/1924/07/19

Keywords

  • antibacterial activity
  • free alkali
  • free fatty acid
  • pH value
  • soap
  • Spirulina platensis
  • Staphyloccocus aureus
  • VCO
  • water content

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