The Early Morphology of Banten Cosmopolitan Port City in the 16th Century

R. A. Kusumawardhani, Kemas R. Kurniawan, Susanto Zuhdi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


This writing is a result of initial research to study the morphology of Banten Port City located in the west part of Java, Indonesia, during the early stage of the development in the 16th century. The aim is to build the basic knowledge for further research on seeing the historic cosmopolis transformation and urban culture in Indonesian antique cities such as Banten. This research is an architectural and urban history study that relied on 16th-century historical data included local and colonial histories available in various maps, drawings, records, and journals. In conclusion, The Islamic Sultanate of Banten developed this port city and its urban culture as a continuation from previous customs. Built as a fortress city, the division of living area between inside or outside the fortress wall is determined by the citizenship status. Characterized as a city-state that applied urbanism focal concept, Banten followed a centralized pattern where the center became a sacred place. While the dynamic cosmopolitan atmosphere can be felt outside the fortress where the foreigners from different ethnicity and area lived.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 7th International Conference on Architecture, Materials and Construction - ICAMC 2021
EditorsPaulo Mendonça, Nuno Dinis Cortiços
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)9783030945138
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2022
Event7th International Conference on Architecture, Materials and Construction, ICAMC 2021 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 27 Oct 202129 Oct 2021

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Civil Engineering
Volume226 LNCE
ISSN (Print)2366-2557
ISSN (Electronic)2366-2565


Conference7th International Conference on Architecture, Materials and Construction, ICAMC 2021
CityVirtual, Online


  • Banten Port City
  • Morphology
  • Urban history

Cite this