The development of the national tuberculosis research priority in Indonesia: A comprehensive mixed-method approach

Trisasi Lestari, Ahmad Fuady, Finny Fitry Yani, I. Wayan Gede Artawan Eka Putra, Ivan Surya Pradipta, Lidya Chaidir, Diah Handayani, Agus Fitriangga, Maria Regina Loprang, Imran Pambudi, Rovina Ruslami, Ari Probandari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Ranked second in global tuberculosis (TB) incidence, Indonesia has developed a National Strategy for TB Prevention and Control 2020–2024 to accelerate the TB elimination program. Research and innovation are key pillars to support the program and need to be prioritised. This study aimed to develop updated national TB research priorities in Indonesia. This study was a mixed-methods study consisting of an open survey, a published literature survey, and Delphi survey. The open survey invited all related TB stakeholders to answer (a) the main barriers of the TB program and (b) the need for studies to support TB elimination. The published literature survey retrieved scientific articles published in national and international journals between 2015 and 2020 to identify gaps between published research and the current national strategy for TB control. The online survey and literature survey informed a panel of TB experts in a two-phase Delphi Survey to select the top 10 priority research topics. We identified 322 articles and analysed 1143 open survey responses. Through two-phases Delphi surveys, top ten research categories were listed: early TB detection; diagnosis and treatment of DR-TB; contact investigation; case detection and treatment of child TB; TB preventive therapy; government policy; laboratory for drug-sensitive- and drug-resistant-TB diagnosis; treatment adherence; diagnostic tool development; and community empowerment. This study also found the gap between stakeholders’ interests and the importance of translating research into policy and practice. TB research priorities have been identified through the involvement of various stakeholders. The combination of an online survey, a published literature survey, and a Delphi survey was a rigorous methodology and was fit to build a systematic consensus about the priority of TB research.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0281591
JournalPloS one
Issue number2 February
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023


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