The development of safety plan using Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) for Building Information Modeling (BIM)-based building structure work

Anrio Wira Putra Lim, Yusuf Latief

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


One of the most influential factors on the project success in the construction industry is the safety management system. The rate of the occupational accidents in the construction sector is still very high according to the report of the Institution of Social Security Employment in Indonesia. One of the causes of the high rate of the occupational accidents that occur is due to the unnoticed work activities which is caused by the lack of control on the risks of the work activities. To discovered all of the activities on a work package, we can use a tool called WBS or Work Breakdown Structure. Besides that, by using the advancement of technology, it is expected to be used to improve safety performance on the construction projects effectively and efficiently. One of the advancements of technology which is already been used in the construction sector on this era is the BIM (Building Information Modeling). With using the BIM system on the construction projects, the quality of the work during the planning and construction phase will be increasing. Therefore, the development of a safety plan using WBS for BIM-based building structure work will be carried out in this study The research method in this paper is a qualitative method and a case study will be presented on this paper to find out the effectiveness with using BIM in the safety management process. The results of this research are the occupational accident risks that are dominantly using the WBS and the development of the safety plan using WBS for BIM-based building structures work. The case study results the integrating of safety building information with the 4D model is very effective and efficient method to use on the safety management process. With the BIM system in the safety management process, the budget and the duration for safety inspection can be reduced because the hazardous of the occupational accidents can be identified faster according to the construction schedule. This research is expected to create a safety management strategy and can improve the safety performance on building construction projects in Indonesia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1402-1413
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020


  • BIM
  • Building Construction
  • Occupational Accident
  • Risks
  • Safety Performance
  • Safety Plan
  • WBS


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