The costs of public primary health care services in rural Indonesia

P. Berman, Brotowasisto, Mardiati Nadjib, S. Sakai, A. Gani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Described are the results of a cost study of national rural health services carried out in Indonesia between November 1986 and March 1987. Detailed costings of government inputs to all public health services below the district hospital level were made for 41 subdistricts in five provinces that were representative of the different regions of the country. The total costs of services as well as the average costs for specific service functions were estimated for the whole country as well as for the different provinces. The results indicate a low overall level of government spending on rural primary health care. Regional differences in this respect were not significant, suggesting that the government policy of encouraging regional balance in allocations has been successful. The average costs for most services were much greater than the charges made to patients, and this provided information on the current level of government subsidies. There was a large variability in the average costs, indicating that the existing system is inefficient, that some districts were able to attain much higher levels of efficiency than others within the existing constraints, and that improvements in this respect are possible.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)685-694
Number of pages10
JournalBulletin of the World Health Organization
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1989


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