Objective: To obtain information regarding the relationship of amother's behaviour in relation to her child's dietary habits based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) with Early Childhood Caries (ECC). Methods: This research comprised a cross-sectional study using a TPB questionnaire on 295 mothers and intra-oral examinations on 295 children in the District of Beji, Depok, Indonesia. The calibration of the TPB questionnaire was conducted prior to the research. The internal and external reliability of the children's dietary habits questionnaire was Cronbach's alpha = 0.863 and Intraclass Correlation (ICC) = 0.899. Results: The prevalence of ECC in the Beji District was 53.9%, with a DMFT score of 3.46and plaque score of 7.66. The correlation between children's dietary habits and ECC was significant and constituted a negative correlation (r = -0.293 and r = -0.197). Conclusion: There was a significant correlation between a mother's behavior in relation to her child's dietary habits based on the TPB, with ECC. These findings have important implications for the prevention of ECC in children because they suggest that prevention programs need to also focus on mother's behavior towards oral health, since it affects their children's dietary habits.
|Number of pages
|Journal of International Dental and Medical Research
|Published - 2017
- Early childhood caries
- Mother's oral health behavior,Dietary habits
- Theory of planned behavior