The correlation between a mother's behavior regarding her child's dietary habits and early childhood caries (based on the theory of planned behavior)

Iwany Amalliah Badruddin, Almas Riska Zhafarina, Anton Rahardjo, Ciptasari Prabawanti, Melissa Adiatman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To obtain information regarding the relationship of amother's behaviour in relation to her child's dietary habits based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) with Early Childhood Caries (ECC). Methods: This research comprised a cross-sectional study using a TPB questionnaire on 295 mothers and intra-oral examinations on 295 children in the District of Beji, Depok, Indonesia. The calibration of the TPB questionnaire was conducted prior to the research. The internal and external reliability of the children's dietary habits questionnaire was Cronbach's alpha = 0.863 and Intraclass Correlation (ICC) = 0.899. Results: The prevalence of ECC in the Beji District was 53.9%, with a DMFT score of 3.46and plaque score of 7.66. The correlation between children's dietary habits and ECC was significant and constituted a negative correlation (r = -0.293 and r = -0.197). Conclusion: There was a significant correlation between a mother's behavior in relation to her child's dietary habits based on the TPB, with ECC. These findings have important implications for the prevention of ECC in children because they suggest that prevention programs need to also focus on mother's behavior towards oral health, since it affects their children's dietary habits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)574-582
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of International Dental and Medical Research
Volume10
Issue numberSpecialissue
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Early childhood caries
  • Mother's oral health behavior,Dietary habits
  • Theory of planned behavior

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