The Climate Effect on COVID-19: Lessons Learned from the Pandemic in Jakarta

Vernonia Yora Saki, Ema Novita Deniati, Yoerdy Agusmal Saputra, Dewi Susanna, Efendi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The global COVID-19 pandemic has presented humanity with difficult and unforeseeable hurdles. Among these challenges is understanding how climate-related aspects impact the survival of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between environmental factors, such as temperature, humidity, and rainfall, and the spread of COVID-19 cases in different regions. A time-and-place-based ecological study design was adopted, integrating geographic information systems and statistical techniques. Statistical testing revealed a significant association between humidity (p-value = 0.000; r = -0.777) and rainfall (p-value = 0.001; r = -0.561) with COVID-19 instances. However, no statistically significant relationship was found between temperature variables and COVID-19 cases. Due to the impact of changing weather conditions, governments may become concerned about developing tailored preventive and control measures, considering the varying risk levels associated with different locations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-67
Number of pages7
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023


  • climate
  • COVID-19
  • spatial-temporal analysis


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