Flavonoids and phenols have an arginase inhibitory and antioxidant activity. The Sterculia genus has phenols and flavonoids content. This study aimed to investigate the arginase inhibitory and antioxidant activity of the chemical constituent of Sterculia comosa (wall) Roxb and also their binding affinities to arginase. The most active extract was methanol extract. This active extract was determined for its arginase inhibitory and antioxidant activity, determined the total phenols and total flavonoids, and identified chemical compound. The methanol extract has IC50 2.787 μg/ml for arginase inhibitory activity and IC50 4,199 μg/ml for DPPH scavenging activity. The total phenols 723.61 mg GAE/gr, total flavonoids content 28.96 mg QE/gr extract. The chemical constituent: KC4.4.6 ((-)-2-(E)-caffeoyl-D-glyceric acid) and KC22.214.171.124 (trans-isoferulic acid) have an arginase inhibitory activity KC4.4.6: 98,03 μg/ml and KC126.96.36.199: 292,58 μg/ml. Antioxidant activity with DPPH methods KC4.4.6: 48,77 μg/ml and KC188.8.131.52: 88,08 μg/ml. Antioxidant by FRAP methods KC4.4.6: 16,4 FeEAC mol/g and KC184.108.40.206: 15,79 FeEAC mol/g. The isolate trans-isoferulic acid predicted has good interaction to arginase. Isolate KC4.4.6. Predicted has good interaction to PLPro of SARS CoV-2 PLpro. However, both isolates did not show good interaction to 3CLPro, nsp12, and Spike protein of SARS CoV-2.
- Molecular docking
- SARS CoV-2
- Sterculia comosa (wall) Roxb.