The change of CO2 emission on manufacturing sectors in Indonesia: An input-output analysis

Titi Muswati Putranti, Muhammad Handry Imansyah

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to evaluate the change of CO2 emission on manufacturing sectors in Indonesia using input-output analysis. The method used supply perspective can measure the impact of an increase in the value added of different productive on manufacturing sectors on total CO2 emission and can identify the productive sectors responsible for the increase in CO2 emission when there is an increase in the value added of the economy. The data used are based on Input-Output Energy Table 1990, 1995 and 2010. The method applied the elasticity of CO2 emission to value added. Using the elasticity approach, one can identify the highest elasticity on manufacturing sector as the change of value added provides high response to CO2 emission. Therefore, policy maker can concentrate on manufacturing sectors with the high response of CO2 emission due to the increase of value added. The approach shows the contribution of the various sectors that deserve more consideration for mitigation policy. Five of highest elasticity of manufacturing sectors of CO2 emission are Spinning & Weaving, Other foods, Tobacco, Wearing apparel, and other fabricated textiles products in 1990. Meanwhile, the most sensitive sectors Petroleum refinery products, Other chemical products, Timber & Wooden Products, Iron & Steel Products and Other non-metallic mineral products in 1995. Two sectors of the 1990 were still in the big ten, i.e. Spinning & weaving and Other foods in 1995 for the most sensitive sectors. The six sectors of 1995 in the ten highest elasticity of CO2 emission on manufacturing which were Plastic products, Other chemical products,Other fabricated metal products, Cement, Iron & steel products, Iron & steel, still existed in 2010 condition. The result of this research shows that there is a change in the most elastic CO2 emission of manufacturing sectors which tends from simple and light manufacturing to be a more complex and heavier manufacturing. Consequently, CO2 emission jumped significantly.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRecent Advances on Environment, Chemical Engineering and Materials
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 2017 International Conference on Environment, Chemical Engineering and Materials, ECEM 2017
EditorsBadea Lepadatescu
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735416109
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Dec 2017
Event2017 International Conference on Environment, Chemical Engineering and Materials, ECEM 2017 - Brasov, Romania
Duration: 27 Jun 201729 Jun 2017

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1918
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference2017 International Conference on Environment, Chemical Engineering and Materials, ECEM 2017
CountryRomania
CityBrasov
Period27/06/1729/06/17

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