The Challenges Of Enhancing Participation In Urban Community Empower-ment (The Case of Community Empowerment Program for Villages (PPMK) Im-plementation in 4 Villages in Jakarta)

Ahmad Anshori Wahdy, Irfan Ridwan Maksum, Linda Darmajanti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Characteristics of DKI Jakarta as Indonesian capital with a rich diversity of people from vari-ous social, cultural, and economic backgrounds, have challenging implication for participatory community empowerment. This is proven by low participation level in community affairs in the province. This research aims to assess factors responsible for low participation in community empowerment in urban areas and identify measures to improve it. The research was based on a qualitative methods in the Village Community Empowerment Program (PPMK) implemented in KampungRawa, Kalibaru, and Tanjung Duren Melawai in DKI Jakarta, Indonesia. The selec-tion of the administrative villages was based on Social Insecurity Potential Index (IPKS) which portrays an overview of urban social structure. Research results showed that low participation in community affairs is attributable to the normative nature of participation, non-compliance of targeted groups in certain areas, lack of information, weak public institutions (Village Consul-tative Council/LMK), lack of adequate support from local leaders (Chief of Neighborhood As-sociation (RT) and Chief of Community Association (RW)), and absence of management train-ing programs. Moreover, low participation is exacerbated by low public awareness about the environment. Thus, efforts that can be undertaken include enhancing the role of the Govern-ment, implementing e-governance by RT and RW neighborhood heads as the driving force and representatives of the community.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-125
JournalJurnal Kebijakan dan Administrasi Publik
Volume21
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017

Keywords

  • e-governance, empowerment, good governance, participation, public institutions

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