The behavior of compatibility of Ap-g-PHMA to impact polypropylene/kenaf fibres composites

Aniek Sri Handayani, Is Sulistyati Purwaningsih, Evana Yuanita, Marcelinus Christwardana, Mochamad Chalid

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this research, the behavior of poly(hexyl methacrylate (PHMA) grafted to Amylopectin (Ap-g-PHMA) as a compatibilizer on isotactic polypropylene (iPP)/kenaf fibres composites was studied. In order to improve interfacial interaction between hydrophilic kenaf fibre and hydrophobic matrix polypropylene (PP), Ap-g-PHMA is used as a compatibilizer. Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FE-SEM), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and mechanical testing were used for the composite characterization. The properties of binary and ternary systems have been analysed as a function of both fibre and compatibilizer content. All compatibilizer systems showed enhanced fibre dispersion and interfacial adhesion. It was found that using Ap-g-PHMA has a significant effect on composite properties. Fibre loading at 40% ratio showed very good effect regarding mechanical properties with 1% compatible agent. It is concluded, that incorporation of coupling agent had shown a better result than that of without it at a certain level of fibre loading.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012014
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Volume509
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 May 2019
Event13th Joint Conference on Chemistry, JCC 2018 - Semarang, Indonesia
Duration: 7 Sep 20188 Sep 2018

Keywords

  • Ap-g-PHMA
  • Compatibilizer
  • mechanical and thermal properties
  • morphology
  • Polypropylene/Kenaf fibre

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