The association with age, human tissue kallikreins 6 and 10 and hemostatic markers for survival outcome from epithelial ovarian cancer

Stephen C.L. Koh, K. Razvi, Y. H. Chan, K. Narasimhan, A. Ilancheran, J. J. Low, M. Choolani, F. Sahil, D. Lutan, D. Siddik, K. Suwiyoga, G. Budiana, H. Pradjitmo, A. Z. Saleh, M. F. Aziz, Hariyono Winarto, P. V. Thanh, N. K.H. Hoan, I. Ravichandran, N. Dominic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To assess known cancer biomarkers CA-125, human tissue kallikreins KLK6 and KLK10, hemostatic markers and age with 5-year survival outcome from epithelial ovarian cancer. Methods: Forty-one benign cyst cohorts and 83 patients diagnosed with ovarian cancer were recruited. The following assays were performed: fibrinogen, vWF antigen, d-dimer, ATIII activity, tPA, PAI-1, uPAR, KLK6, KLK10 and CA-125. Follow-up visits of cancer patients of more than 60 months were noted. Data between those who survived past 60 months and mortality from cancer were analyzed. Results: Only 24 patients lived past 60 months, and 31 died (advanced stage n = 27). Those living past 60 months were significantly older and associated with similar pre-operative levels seen in benign cyst cohorts especially for KLK6, fibrinogen, vWF, AT levels despite upregulation of d-dimer, CA-125 and KLK10. Ovarian cancer cohorts living past 60 months were younger than those who died within 12 months (n = 12). Mortality within 12 months was associated with older age, upregulation of KLK6, fibrinogen, d-dimer, vWF, tPA antigen and reduced ATIII levels. Similarly, mortality within 36 months of disease showed older age with upregulation of CA-125, KLK6 d-dimer vWF antigen and tPA antigen levels. Late stage cancer (III/IV) showed upregulated CA-125, KLK6, KLK10, d-dimer and reduced AT compared to early stage cancer (I/II). The 5-year survival rate for early cancer was 80%, advanced 22.9% and overall 5-year survival rate was 43.6%. Conclusion: Older age together with the novel biomarkers studied and their association with adverse outcome from epithelial ovarian cancer was seen especially within 12 and 36 months of disease. Those who lived past 60 months of disease showed similar pre-operative levels seen in benign cyst cohorts despite elevated d-dimer, CA125 and KLK 10. An enlarged study is needed to confirm these findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-190
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume284
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011

Keywords

  • Age
  • Hemostatic markers
  • KLK10
  • KLK6
  • Ovarian cancer

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The association with age, human tissue kallikreins 6 and 10 and hemostatic markers for survival outcome from epithelial ovarian cancer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this