As a metropolitan city, Jakarta faces the problems of uncontrolled migrant populations and limited housing availability. This results in the uncontrolled growth of organic settlements with a lack of adequate sanitation facilities. Furthermore, open defecation in public spaces is still practiced in some areas. Using the multinomial logistic regression method, this research aims to identify the adequacy of household sanitation in Jakarta, focusing on human waste disposal facilities in households. The dependent variable (adequacy of sanitation facilities) is divided into three categories; adequate private sanitation (used by one household), adequate shared sanitation (used by multiple households), and inadequate sanitation. This research also aims to identify the correlation of household characteristics as predisposition factors towards the trends in the sanitation adequacy. The household characteristics analyzed in this study are income, employment status, level of education, marital status, gender, number of household members, and migrant status. This research uses microdata from the 2017 National Socio-Economic Survey. It was found that 85.64% of the household sanitation sampled in the research is adequate (of which 68.81% are adequate private sanitation and 16.83% adequate shared sanitation), and 14.36% were classified as inadequate. Sanitation adequacy is highly correlated with long term residency, high education, household members >4 people, unemployed, married, female-headed household, and high expenditure. The government can utilize those predisposing factors in planning the design policies and interventions on sanitation to lower the percentage of households with inadequate sanitation.
- Adequacy level