The accuracy of transvaginal sonography to detect endometriosis cyst

M. Diantika, Eka Rusdianto

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Endometriosis is common in women of reproductive age. Late diagnosis is still the main concern. Currently, noninvasive diagnostic testing, such as transvaginal sonography, is recommended. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the accuracy of transvaginal sonography in diagnosing endometrial cysts in patients in Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia. This diagnostic study was carried out at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital between January 2014 and June 2015. Outpatients suspected have an endometrial cyst based on the patient history and a clinical examination was recruited. The patients were then evaluated using transvaginal sonography by an experienced sonologist, according to the research protocol. The gold standard test was a histological finding in the removed surgical mass. Ninety-eight patients were analyzed. An endometrial cyst was confirmed by histology in 85 patients (87%). The accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of transvaginal sonography was established to be 85% (a range of 71-99%), 93%, 77%, 96%, and 63%, respectively. A significantly higher area under the curve was identified using transvaginal sonogpraphy compared to that achieved with a clinical examination alone (85% versus 79%). Transvaginal sonography was useful in diagnosing endometrial cysts in outpatients and is recommended in daily clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012148
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 30 Aug 2017
Event1st Physics and Technologies in Medicine and Dentistry Symposium, PTMDS 2017 - Depok, West Java, Indonesia
Duration: 15 Jul 201716 Jul 2017

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