Techno-Economic Evaluation of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch-Based Encapsulated Lignin Production Process

Muhammad Yusuf Arya Ramadhan, Sarah Salsabila, Muhammad Arif Darmawan, Misri Gozan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB) is the main solid waste from the palm oil processing industry. One of the main constituent polymers of Oil Palm EFB is lignin. Currently, lignin is used as wood adhesives. The antioxidant activity of lignin has received much attention recently because of the structure of the polyphenols possessed by lignin. Although previous studies have shown that lignin has antioxidant activity, lignin is easily oxidized while in storage. Therefore, we need materials to maintain lignin stability. This research analyzes the investment feasibility of a lignin production plant encapsulated from oil palm empty fruit bunches (EFB) as raw material. The factory will be built in the Kertajaya area, Banten, Indonesia, with a project life span of 15 years and is targeted to meet a 1% market share. This study compared four pretreatment processes: alkaline with NaOH, acid-alkaline, steam explosion, and alkaline with NH4OH. The production process simulation uses the SuperPro Designer v9.5 to obtain mass, energy, and economic parameter data. Simulations show the production of encapsulated lignin with the alkaline pretreatment using the NaOH method as the best alternative with the profitability parameters in the form of NPV, IRR, and PBP, of USD 6, 078, 000; 35.23 % and 3.19 years, respectively, at the product selling price of USD 40/kg.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication6th Biomedical Engineering''s Recent Progress in Biomaterials, Drugs Development, and Medical Devices
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 6th International Symposium of Biomedical Engineering, ISBE 2021
EditorsSiti Fauziyah Rahman, Ahmad Zakiyuddin, Yudan Whulanza, Nurul Intan
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735443716
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Aug 2022
Event6th International Symposium of Biomedical Engineering''s Recent Progress in Biomaterials, Drugs Development, and Medical Devices, ISBE 2021 - Depok, Virtual, Indonesia
Duration: 7 Jul 20218 Jul 2021

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2537
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference6th International Symposium of Biomedical Engineering''s Recent Progress in Biomaterials, Drugs Development, and Medical Devices, ISBE 2021
Country/TerritoryIndonesia
CityDepok, Virtual
Period7/07/218/07/21

Keywords

  • Antioxidant
  • Encapsulation
  • Lignin
  • Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch
  • Process Simulation

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Techno-Economic Evaluation of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch-Based Encapsulated Lignin Production Process'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this