Techno-economic evaluation of integrated levulinic acid-bioethanol plant design based on oil palm empty fruit bunches

Muryanto, K. L. Putri, P. Srinophakun, M. Gozan

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

Currently, renewable energy started to become a focus of the world as it can be an alternative to fossil energy. Bioethanol is the result of glucose fermentation derived from lignocellulosic raw material (second-generation bioethanol). As one of the countries with the most significant biomass resources globally, Indonesia has a huge opportunity to develop the bioethanol industry. Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch (OPEFB) is the most significant solid waste generated by oil palm plantations. Levulinic acid can be used as a chemical platform for biodiesel production, which has a higher selling price than bioethanol. In this research, techno-economic evaluation of integrated levulinic acid-bioethanol plant based on OPEFB was conducted. Optimization of production capacity is done to determine the suitable plant capacity so that the integrated levulinic acid-bioethanol plant is feasible to be developed. Based on simulation results with SuperPro Design 9.5 and analysis of the economic value, Net Present Value (NPV), Internal Return Rate (IRR), and the payback period is 53.939.000 USD; 29,77%; and 4,52 years, respectively. In conclusion, an integrated levulinic acid-bioethanol plant based on OPEFB has fulfilled the economic parameters of a chemical plant.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012064
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Volume926
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Dec 2021
Event3rd International Conference on Green Energy and Environment 2021, ICoGEE 2021 - Pangkalpinang, Virtual, Indonesia
Duration: 29 Sep 202130 Sep 2021

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