Targeting pro-protein convertase subtilisin kexin-9 as a novel therapy of hypercholesterolemia

Bambang Dwiputra, Anwar Santoso, Kian K. Poh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Reducing low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol level is an established primary and secondary prevention strategy for coronary heart disease. However, not all patients are able to achieve their LDL targets as recommended by the guidelines. Over the last 10 years, high plasma LDL level is known to be associated with a higher level of pro-protein convertase subtilisin kexin-9 (PCSK-9). Loss-of-function mutations in the PCSK-9 gene is associated with lower plasma LDL level and cardiovascular risk. Since its discovery in 2003, PCSK-9 has triggered many researchers to design a PCSK-9 inhibitor to reduce LDL cholesterol through competitive inhibition of this molecule. Some phase III clinical trials have showed promising results of PCSK-9 inhibitor efficacy in lowering LDL level and improving clinical outcome. This article aims to discuss the role of PCSK-9 in LDL metabolism and the efficacy of PCSK-9 inhibitor in reducing plasma LDL level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)152-157
Number of pages6
JournalMedical Journal of Indonesia
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Low density lipoprotein
  • PCSK-9 inhibitor
  • Pro-protein convertase subtilisin kexin-9

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