Tapanuli organoclay addition into linear low density polyethylene-pineapple fiber composites

Robiatul Adawiyah, Ariadne Lakshmidevi, Seto Roseno

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Linear low density polyethylene-Tapanuli organoclay-pineapple fiber composites were succesfully synthesized by a melt intercalation method. The clay was modified as an organoclay by a cation exchange reaction using hexadecyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (HDTMABr) surfactant. The X-ray diffraction results of the organoclay exhibited a higher basal spacing of 1.87 nm compared to the unmodified clay of 1.46 nm. The composite tensile strength was enhanced up to 46.4 % with the 1 wt% organoclay addition. Both tensile and flexural moduli increased up to 150.6 % and 43 % with the 3 wt% organoclay addition to the composites. However, the flexural strength of the composites was not improved with the organoclay addition. The addition of organoclay has also decreased the heat deflection temperature of the composites.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication4th Asian Physics Symposium - An International Event
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Pages55-59
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)9780735408807
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1325
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Keywords

  • Linear low density polyethylene-pineapple fibre composite
  • Mechanical properties
  • Melt intercalation
  • Organoclay
  • Tapanuli clay
  • Thermal properties

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