Synthesis of ZSM-5 zeolite from coal fly ash and rice husk: Characterization and application for partial oxidation of methane to methanol

Yuni Krisyuningsih, F. M. Yanti, S. D.S. Murti

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14 Citations (Scopus)


Indonesian fly ash (SiO2/Al2O3 mole ratio = 3.59) was used together with rice husk (SiO2 92%) as raw material for mesoporous ZSM-5 zeolite synthesis. Prior being used, coal fly ash and rice husk were subjected to pre-treatment in order to extract silicate (SiO4 4-) and aluminate (AlO4 5-) and to remove the impurities. Then the ZSM-5 zeolite were synthesized through hydrothermal treatment using two types of templates (TPAOH and PDDA). The as-synthesized ZSM-5 was characterized using FTIR, XRD, SEM-EDX, and BET. The result of FTIR showed peaks at 1250-950 cm-1 (v asymetric T-O), 820-650 cm-1 (v symetric T-O), and at 650-500 cm-1 confirming the presence of the five number ring of the pentasil structure. The result of XRD showed the appearance of certain peaks in the position 2 theta between 7-9° and 22-25° indicative of ZSM-5 structure, but also showed the pattern of low intensity magnetite and hematite. The SEM image showed the rough surface of hexagonal crystals from ZSM-5 structure, indicative of mesoporosity in the structure. EDX result showed Si/Al ratio of 20, while surface area analysis gave SA of 43.16. The ZSM-5 zeolites then was modified with cobalt oxide through impregnation method. The catalytic activity as heterogeneous catalysts in partial oxidation of methane was tested. The result showed that hence the catalytic activity of ZSM-5 and Co/ZSM-5 from fly ash and rice husk were still inferior compared to the pro-analysis sourced-counterpart, they were potential to be used as catalyst in the partial oxidation of methane to methanol.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012031
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2 May 2017
EventInternational Symposium on Current Progress in Functional Materials 2016, ISCPFM 2016 - Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 26 Jul 201627 Jul 2016


  • coal fly ash
  • methane to methanol
  • partial oxidation
  • rice husk ash
  • synthesis of ZSM-5


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