ZnO/CuO and TiO2/CuO nanocomposites with different Zn/Cu and Ti/Cu ratios were prepared using sol-gel method. The obtained composite samples were used as catalyst. Methylene blue was used as a model of textile dye to evaluate their photocatalytic, sonocatalytic and photosonocatalytic activities. X-ray diffraction and energy dispersive X-ray analysis confirmed that only monoclinic CuO and hexagonal wurtzite ZnO structures are present in ZnO/CuO nanocomposites, while in TiO2/CuO nanocomposites monoclinic CuO and anatase TiO2 structures were observed. The degradation of methylene blue indicated that the incorporation of CuO in ZnO/CuO and TiO2/CuO nanocomposites exhibited an appreciable higher photocatalytic activity, which was mainly attributed to the extended photoresponding range and more light energy could be utilized than pure ZnO and TiO2.