Synthesis of methyl ester sulfonate surfactant from crude palm oil as an active substance of laundry liquid detergent

Slamet, Muhammad Ibadurrohman, Pangiastika Putri Wulandari

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Liquid detergent with combination of MES surfactant and TiO2 nanoparticles to remove and degrade the dirt in the form of methylene blue and produce waste with the lowest surfactant residual concentration has been done. The formation of MES is carried out by esterification and transesterification of crude palm oil, sulfonation, refining, and neutralization. The photocatalyst TiO2 nanoparticles is added as an additive to improve surfactant performance in removing dirt and degrading organic compounds. MES formation is performed by varying the mole ratio of the reactants in the esterification and transesterification reactions, and the mole ratios between methyl esters and NaHSO3 during the sulfonation reaction. Variations of MES surfactant and TiO2 nanoparticles compositions were performed to obtain detergent stability. Data analysis technique in this research is characterization of methyl ester, MES surfactant, and detergent using UV-Vis spectrophotometer instrument, FTIR, GC-MS, and LC-MS. The optimum conditions in the esterification and transesterification process were each mole ratio of 1: 6 between CPO and methanol based on the highest conversion, 99%. The optimum condition of the sulfonation process is the 1: 1.5 mole ratio between methyl ester and NaHSO3 based on the lowest surface tension value, which is about 36 dyne/cm.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Applied Chemistry 2017
EditorsSilvester Tursiloadi, Nino Rinaldi
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735415942
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Nov 2017
Event3rd International Symposium on Applied Chemistry 2017, ISAC 2017 - Jakarta, Indonesia
Duration: 23 Oct 201724 Oct 2017

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1904
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference3rd International Symposium on Applied Chemistry 2017, ISAC 2017
CountryIndonesia
CityJakarta
Period23/10/1724/10/17

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