Synthesis of carbon nanotube using ferrocene as carbon source and catalyst in a vertical structured catalyst reactor

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

Development of nano-carbon technology in the world has recently occurred due to its excellent electric, thermal, and mechanical properties and it diverse of applications such as electronics, biology, and material. Fixed bed reactor run into blocked due to carbon deposition on the catalyst that cause pressure drop enhancement. Whereas, application of fluidized bed reactor as an alternative of prior reactor have some trouble for complicated of feed flow control that can cause change of catalyst particle size during reaction since agglomeration and adhesion of nanoparticles transpire. Synthesis of carbon nanotube material used a vertical structured catalyst gauze reactor with double furnace system to maintain the catalyst and carbon source in the form of gas phase. This will lead growth of CNT on the surface of the substrate proved by SEM and XRD characterization. Furnace 1 used to ferrocene vaporizer at 400°C and furnace 2 provide substrate placement for CNT growth at 850°C. CNTs characterization confirmed yield and CNT diameter 29.33% and 11.38 nm respectively. Characterization of SEM show that CNT grows on stainless steel type 316 substrate preferable with oxidative heat treatment. Nevertheless, CNTs product still contain many of impurities such as Fe 3 O 4 , Fe 2 O 3 , Fe 3 C, hexagonal graphite, and amorphous carbon.

Original languageEnglish
Article number03038
JournalE3S Web of Conferences
Volume67
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Nov 2018
Event3rd International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference "Sustainable Development of Tropical Renewable Energy", i-TREC 2018 - Kuta, Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 6 Sep 20188 Sep 2018

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