Synthesis and Characterization of ZSM-5 Zeolite from Dealuminated and Fragmentated Bayat-Klaten Natural Zeolite

Y. K. Krisnandi, I. Mahmuda, D. U.C. Rahayu, R. Sihombing

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8 Citations (Scopus)


Synthesis of ZSM-5 zeolite was conducted using natural zeolite of Bayat-Klaten by employing fragmentation method of sub-molten system through breaking zeolite framework into its monomer in alkaline condition at 250°C. Prior to fragmentation, one part of zeolite was treated with dealumination and the other one without dealumination, labeled as ZSM-5-a and ZSM-5-wa, respectively. Characterization with FTIR, XRD, and EDX showed that the fragmentation was successful, in which the structure of zeolite was damaged and the infrared bands due to AlO4 and SiO4 were appeared. The synthesis of ZSM-5 was performed hydrothermally using tetrapropylammonium hydroxide (TPAOH) as a directing agent of pore structure and addition of LUDOX (40% silica suspension in water). The XRD characterization showed the as synthesized materials had the structure of ZSM-5 zeolites with high crystallinity. Imaging with SEM showed the characteristic of hexagonal ZSM-5 crystals. The BET surface area analysis showed a typical surface area of microporous zeolite, 262 m2/g, and pore diameter of 1.496 nm; indicating that the ZSM-5 zeolite obtained was micropore size. The Si/Al ratio of ZSM-5-a and ZSM-5-wa were 18 and 21, respectively. These results indicated that Bayat-Klaten natural zeolite can be used as silica and alumina source for high crystalline ZSM-5 with medium Si/Al ratio and having good thermal stability. Thus, these materials are potential to be tested as fluid hydrocracking catalyst.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012044
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 10 Oct 2018
Event6th International Conference of the Indonesian Chemical Society, ICIC 2017 - Palembang, South Sumatra, Indonesia
Duration: 17 Oct 201718 Oct 2017


  • Bayat-Klaten natural zeolite
  • ZSM-5
  • dealumination
  • fragmentation


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