Synthesis and characterization of polymer matrix composite material with combination of ZnO filler and nata de coco fiber as a candidate of semiconductor material

Asep Handaya Saputra, Hana Nabila Anindita

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Synthesis of semiconductor composite using acrylic matrix filled with ZnO and nata de coco fiber has been conducted in this research. The purpose of this research is to obtain semiconductor composite material that has a good mechanical strength and thermal resistance. In situ polymerization method is used in this research and the composites are ready to be characterized after 12 hours. The main parameter that is characterized is the electric conductivity of the composite. Additional parameters are also characterized such as composite's elastic modulus and glass transition temperature. The composites that has been made in this research can be classified as semiconductor material because the conductivity is in the range of 10-8-103 S/cm. In general the addition of ZnO and nata de coco filler can increase the conductivity of the composite. The highest semiconductor characteristic in acrylic/ZnO composite is obtained from 30% volume filler that reach 3.4 x 10-7 S/cm. Similar with acrylic/ZnO composite, in acrylic/nata de coco fiber composite the highest semiconductor characteristic is also obtained from 30% volume filler that reach 1.15 x 10-7 S/cm. Combination of 20% volume of ZnO, 10% volume of nata de coco, and 70% volume of acrylic resulting in composite with electric conductivity of 1.92 x 10-7 S/cm. In addition, combination of ZnO and nata de coco fiber as filler in composite can also improve the characteristic of composite where composite with 20% volume of ZnO filler and 10% volume of nata de coco fiber resulting in composite with elastic modulus of 1.79?GPa and glass transition temperature of 175.73°C which is higher than those in acrylic/ZnO composite.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Conference of Chemical and Material Engineering, ICCME 2015
Subtitle of host publicationGreen Technology for Sustainable Chemical Products and Processes
EditorsFerry Iskandar, Hadiyanto, Arief Budiman, Hadi Nur, Suryadi Ismadji
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735413467
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Dec 2015
Event2nd International Conference of Chemical and Material Engineering: Green Technology for Sustainable Chemical Products and Processes, ICCME 2015 - Semarang, Indonesia
Duration: 29 Sep 201530 Sep 2015

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1699
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference2nd International Conference of Chemical and Material Engineering: Green Technology for Sustainable Chemical Products and Processes, ICCME 2015
CountryIndonesia
CitySemarang
Period29/09/1530/09/15

Keywords

  • elastic modulus
  • electric conductivity
  • glass transition temperature
  • Nata de coco
  • ZnO

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Synthesis and characterization of polymer matrix composite material with combination of ZnO filler and nata de coco fiber as a candidate of semiconductor material'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this