Synthesis and characterization of NiZn/mesoporous carbon as heterogeneous catalyst for carboxylation reaction of acetylene with CO2

N. S. Khairani, I. Abdullah, Y. K. Krisnandi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Utilization of fossil fuel, charcoal, oil, and natural gases, which are carbon-rich materials, is widely used for human sustainability. However, utilization of such materials contributes to higher atmospheric CO2 concentration. The increase of CO2 emission leads to higher temperature and climate change due to 'greenhouse effect'. Therefore, conversion of CO2 to value-added chemicals has drawn many attentions. In this research, carboxylation reaction of acetylene and CO2 has been carried out using mesoporous carbon modified by nickel and zinc metals as heterogeneous catalyst. Mesoporous carbon has been successfully synthesized using soft template method with pluronic F127 as template and phloroglucinol as carbon precursor. Mesoporous carbon was then modified with nickel and zinc (NiZn/MC) using homogeneous deposition precipitation method, followed by reduction for 90 min at 400 °C under a flow of H2 (30 ml/min). XRD diffraction pattern showed peaks for 2θ around 31.79°, 34.54°, 36.31°, 44.04°, 51.51°, 56.51°, 62.22° and 75.68° which indicate the presence of NiZn and ZnO. EDX result revealed that mesoporous carbon material has been successfully modified by nickel and zinc metals, with 11.68 % and 8.69 % metal loadings for nickel and zinc, respectively. NiZn/MC catalyst was then used for carboxylation reaction of acetylene with CO2. The reactions were carried out in batch reactor with varied pressures, 1.5 bar, 2.5 bar and 3.5 bar. Acrylic acid, as the desired product, was not observed in analysis with HPLC. However, more polar species was noticed at retention time of 3.15 min, where the optimum pressure was found to be at 2.5 bar.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences, ISCPMS 2019
EditorsTerry Mart, Djoko Triyono, Tribidasari Anggraningrum Ivandini
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735420014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2020
Event5th International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences, ISCPMS 2019 - Depok, Indonesia
Duration: 9 Jul 201910 Jul 2019

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2242
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference5th International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences, ISCPMS 2019
Country/TerritoryIndonesia
CityDepok
Period9/07/1910/07/19

Keywords

  • acetylene
  • carboxylation
  • CO
  • mesoporous carbon
  • NiZn

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