Synthesis and characterization of fluoridated hydroxyapatite nano-powder via microwave irradiation method

M. Wisnugroho, Nurlely, Y. W. Sari

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Fluoridated hydroxyapatite (FHA) occur in teeth and form the basis for application as a biomaterial. This work aims to synthesize and analyze the characteristic of FHA nano-powder with different degrees of fluoridation via microwave irradiation method. FHA nano-powder with a chemical formula of Ca10(PO4)6(OH2-x)F x (where degrees of fluoridation, x values were selected equal to 0.7 and 1.3) were synthesized using a mixture of calcium hydroxide, diammonium hydrogen phosphate, and ammonium fluoride solutions by utilizing microwave with the variation of irradiation power. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy analysis techniques were utilized in order to evaluate the characteristic of synthesized FHA nano-powder. The XRD and FTIR results confirmed highly crystalline FHA powder with the carbonate peaks in the IR spectrum. Using a Scherrer formula, the average crystallite size was found to be 30 nm. The SEM and EDX results indicated various element composition and several morphologies with the lattice parameter increased along with irradiation power. FHA nano-powder could be synthesized via microwave irradiation method. The results from different kind of analysis illustrated that synthesized FHA nano-powder could fulfill the requirement of ASTM F1185-88 for used as biomaterial.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012076
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jun 2019
Event18th Asia-Oceania Congress of Medical Physics, AOCMP 2018 and 16th South-East Asia Congress of Medical Physics, SEACOMP 2018 - Bangsar South, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Duration: 11 Nov 201814 Nov 2018


  • Biomaterial
  • Fluor
  • Hydroxyapatite
  • Microwave Irradiation


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