Synthesis and Adsorption Performance of Graphene Oxide-Polyurethane Sponge for Oil-Water Separation

Eny Kusrini, Indy Ramadhani, Muhammad Idrus Alhamid, Nyuk Yoong Voo, Anwar Usman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Graphene oxide was prepared from pencil type 2B by modified Hummers method and used for coating of polyurethane sponge. The graphene oxide-modified polyurethane (GO/PU) sponge was applied as an adsorbent for oil-water separation, which was represented by the removal of diesel oil from water. The formation of graphene oxide and GO/PU was characterized by spectroscopic, imaging, and X-ray diffraction methods. The best adsorption performance of GO/PU was 71.2% efficiency within 10 s of contact time. It was demonstrated that the incorporation of graphene oxide enhanced the adsorption performance of the PU sponge which showed 54.9% efficiency diesel removal from water under the same experimental condition. The result also suggested that graphene oxide (GO) has a synergistic effect of superhydrophobicity and good mechanical performance in the GO/PU sponge.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalEngineering Journal
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2022

Keywords

  • Adsorbent
  • Graphene oxide
  • Polyurethane sponges
  • Separation of water-oil

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