Sustainable Community Transformation Process. The Role of Capacity Building in Sumba, Indonesia

Catharina Any Sulistyowati, Renny Nurhasana

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This chapter is about the role of capacity building of local NGOs in Sumba,
a poor island in the Eastern part of Indonesia. It is part of a larger initiative referred to as Sumba Iconic Island (SII), which aimed to solve poverty problems, transforming unequal gender relations while at the same time mitigating climate change. This study traced what happened after six years after the project ended. It is done by exploring the project documentation and conducting interviews with Hivos staff and the alumni representatives. We find that it has improved nature, community wellbeing, women leadership, and more equal gender relations. We conclude that: (1) transformation is not a linear process; (2) the changes toward the vision are not direct but tortuous; (3) there are unintended consequences, which can be positively or negatively influence the initial goal, and (4) the capacity to analyze the situation, reflect, and create action is crucial in the transformation process.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTransformation Literacy
Subtitle of host publicationPathways to Regenerative Civilizations
EditorsPetra Kunkel, Kristin Vala Ragnarsdottir
PublisherSpringer, Cham
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-93254-1
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-93256-5, 978-3-030-93253-4
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Capacity building
  • Participatory learning
  • Community transformation
  • Sustainable development
  • Women empowerment
  • NGO


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