Survei Pengetahuan Dokter Spesialis terhadap Penggunaan Opiat pada Tatalaksana Nyeri Kanker di Rumah Sakit Pemerintah, Jakarta, 2017

Lenny Indrayani, Rianto Setiabudy, Vivian Soetikno, Cosphiady Irawan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Treatment of cancer pain often requires opioids, and morphine is a gold standard in the management of severe cancer pain. Inadequate knowledge of cancer pain management causes opioid usage is not optimal. Indonesia is one of the countries with very low opioid consumption. The purpose of this study was to find out the physician’s knowledge about the management of cancer pain in choosing opioid, administration, doses, side effects, addiction and factors of opioid that barrier in pain management. This cross-sectional study was conducted in General Hospital Jakarta and a Private Hospital in Tangerang. Inclusion criteria were medical specialist who treating cancer pain. This study used questionnaires that filled out by respondents and confidential. Score of adequate knowledge was ≥ 70, and to assess the relationship between knowledge of opioid use with specialization analyzed by Chi-square test and Fisher’s exact if Chi-square requirement is not fulfilled. Statistical analysis was performed by SPSS version 20. From a total of 146 distributed questionnaires, we received 103 questionnaires (70,5%). In this study, the majority of respondents (69,9%) had inadequate knowledge. The highest rate (70,55) was found in the choosing opioid section, while the lowest rate (49,5) was found in the opioid side effects section. There is no significant relationship between physician knowledge on opioid usage and specialization (P= 0,355). Government regulation is major obstacle to opioid use, followed by lack of training, drug availability and knowledge of side effects.
Original languageIndonesian
Pages (from-to)159-169
JournalIndonesian Journal of Cancer
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017


  • Cancer pain management, Opioid, Physician knowledge

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